Please select any of the links below to view our publications on the development and validation of the CSNAT and its use in practice to support family carers.


Ewing G, Grande G. (2013) Development of a Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) for end-of-life care practice at home: A qualitative study. Palliative Medicine; 27(3) 244-256.


Ewing G, Brundle C, Payne S, Grande G. (2013) The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) for Use in Palliative and End-of-life Care at Home: A Validation Study. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management; 46 (3) 395-405.


Ewing G, Austin L and Grande G. The role of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) in palliative home care: qualitative study of practitioners’ perspectives of its impact and mechanisms of action. Palliative Medicine 0269216315596662, first published on July 21, 2015 as doi:10.1177/0269216315596662


Aoun S, Deas K, Toye C, Ewing G, Grande G, Stajduhar K. (2015) Supporting family caregivers to identify their own needs in end of life care: Qualitative findings from a stepped wedge cluster trial. Palliative Medicine Online first: DOI:10.1177/0269216314566061


Ewing G, Austin L, Diffin J, Grande G. (2015) Developing a person-centred approach to carer assessment and support. British Journal of Community Nursing; 20 (12) 580-584.


Grande G, Austin L, Ewing G, O’Leary N, Roberts C. (2015) Assessing the impact of a Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) intervention in palliative home care: a stepped wedge cluster trial. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. First Published 20th December 2015: doi:10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000829


Austin L, Ewing G, Grande G (2017). Factors influencing practitioner adoption of carer-led assessment in palliative homecare: A qualitative study of the use of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT). PLoS ONE 12(6): e0179287.